A study from the Bipartisan Policy Center recommends incentives to persuade utility companies to comply with industry standards.
Proposals under consideration in several legislatures would limit state interaction with firms assisting warrantless data collection.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration's code of conduct will apply only to commercial uses, at least to start.
Small Business Committee Chairman Sam Graves hopes that putting teeth in data reporting requirements will give smaller firms a better chance to compete for federal contracts.
Defense Department CIO is concerned the legislation might collide with internal Pentagon realignment efforts.
Current plans to trim Pentagon spending are clipping around the edges, and officials fear tougher choices will be hard for Congress to agree to.
Detailed guidance spells out what agencies can do to overcome institutional barriers to using data through collaboration across programs and agencies.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has been on the defensive since it was revealed that the NSA subverted encryption standards.
Analysts see 'tremendous value' in data the government collects, but say infrastructure and policy prevent making the best use of it.
Frank Kendall, the Pentagon undersecretary in charge of acquisition, outlined some tentative plans to streamline acquisition rules, ideally before the fiscal 2015 defense funding bill.
The IT acquisition bill, modified since it first went to the Senate in 2013, was approved by voice vote.
Federal users can choose from among seven pools of providers for professional services offerings, including logistic, IT, engineering, financial management and scientific trades and services.