ODNI report says office did no data mining in 2010
But two tools in development could support data mining in the future
- By Alice Lipowicz
- May 12, 2011
The Office of the Director of National Intelligence performed no data mining in 2010, but at least two programs in development could be used for data mining in the future, according to the office’s most recent Data Mining Report.
Under a 2007 law, the office is required to provide an annual data-mining report to Congress. The Federation of American Scientists published the most recent report online May 10.
The law defines data mining as pattern-based queries of one or more databases that seek to identify anomalous events and patterns, are not subject-based and use no personal identifiers. In its most recent report, ODNI said its techniques do not fall under that definition because their queries generally start with a known subject.
“Unlike the predictive, pattern-based technologies envisioned by the act, these tools and techniques start with a known or suspected terrorist,” the report states. Various methods are used to link the subject and potential associates to other people with whom the subject has a relationship. “Thus, such analytic tools and techniques do not fall within the statutory definition of data mining.”
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“The ODNI did not engage in any activities to use or develop data mining
functionality in the reporting period,” the report states.
However, at least two analysis tools are being developed that might be
used for data mining in the future, and two other tools are being
developed that might be used for pattern analysis, the report states. A
fifth tool is being used for privacy and security. ODNI said it was
disclosing the tool development in the interests of transparency.
The two analysis tools in development are both projects of the
Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity. They are known as
Knowledge Discovery and Dissemination (KDD) and Automated Low-level
Analysis and Description of Diverse Intelligence Video.
The KDD program is intended to quickly integrate new, disparate datasets
into a database for analysis. The video program will be used to search
large numbers of videos for specific data.
KDD and the video program are included “because technologies
investigated by, or later developed from, those programs could be used
to support data mining,” the report states. “Such technologies would
then be subject to reporting under the Data Mining Reporting Act” of
Additional programs described in the report include Catalyst, which
involves tools for querying larger and disconnected databases. Steven
Aftergood, “Secrecy News” blogger for the Federation of American
Scientists, refers to it as a glorified search engine. The other tools
are the Automatic Privacy Protection program and DataSphere, which is
used for exploring communication networks and travel information.
“Catalyst and DataSphere are in development stages, and while such
development does not currently include pattern-based functionality, both
programs contemplate potential pattern-based functionality in future
stages,” the report states.
Alice Lipowicz is a staff writer covering government 2.0, homeland security and other IT policies for Federal Computer Week.