Summary of Improper Payments Elimination and Recovery Improvement Act of 2012 (For full text of H.R. 4053, visit congress.gov)
(Sec. 3) Requires the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to:
(1) identify, annually, a list of high-priority federal programs for greater levels of oversight and review in which the highest dollar value or highest rate of improper payments occur or for which there is a higher risk of improper payments;
(2) coordinate with agencies responsible for administering high-priority programs to establish annual targets and semi-annual or quarterly actions for reducing improper payments; and
(3) provide guidance to agencies for improving estimates of improper payments.
Requires federal agencies to report annually to their Inspectors General on any high-dollar improper payments identified. Requires OMB to make such reports available to the public on a central website.
Requires the Inspectors General to:
(1) review the assessment of the level of risk associated with agency programs and the quality of the improper payment estimates and agency methodologies in making such estimates,
(2) review the oversight or financial controls to identify and prevent improper payments, and
(3) submit recommendations to Congress for improving improper payment information and estimation methodology.
(Sec. 5) Requires federal agencies to review prepayment and preaward procedures and available databases to determine program or award eligibility and prevent improper payments before releasing any federal funds.
Includes among the databases that agencies shall review:
(1) the Death Master File of the Social Security Administration (SSA),
(2) the General Services Administration (GSA) Excluded Parties List System,
(3) the Debt Check Database of the Department of the Treasury,
(4) the Credit Alert System or Credit Alert Interactive Voice Response System of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and
(5) the List of Excluded Individuals/Entities of the Office of Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Establishes the Do Not Pay Initiative, which shall include the use of the aforementioned databases and any other databases designated by OMB. Directs OMB to report annually on the operation of the Initiative, with an evaluation of whether the Initiative has reduced improper payments or awards, and provide the frequency of corrections or identification of incorrect database information.
Requires OMB to establish a working system for prepayment and preaward review that includes the Do Not Pay Initiative. Requires each agency to review, not later than June 1, 2013, all of its payments and awards for all programs established through the working system.
Authorizes agency heads and Inspectors General to enter into computer matching agreements to assist in the detection and prevention of improper payments. Requires OMB to issue guidance to agencies in implementing matching agreements and to establish procedures for correcting data in the Do Not Pay Initiative database.
Requires the Attorney General to report on using data on the conviction and incarceration status of individuals to identify and prevent improper payments by federal agencies.
Requires OMB to establish and report to Congress on a plan for improving the quality, accuracy, and timeliness of death data maintained by SSA.
(Sec. 6) Directs OMB to determine current and historical rates and amounts of recovery of improper payments and targets for recovering improper payments, including specific information on amounts and payments recovered by recovery audit contractors.