All the net savings come on the defense side, where the request for IT funding is down about 6 percent from fiscal 2014 spending.
The executive training proposal complements a broader, $56 billion plan aimed at improving customer service by federal agencies.
The Einstein automated intrusion-detection system would be funded at $549 million under the president's proposal.
A study from the Bipartisan Policy Center recommends incentives to persuade utility companies to comply with industry standards.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration's code of conduct will apply only to commercial uses, at least to start.
Proposals under consideration in several legislatures would limit state interaction with firms assisting warrantless data collection.
Defense Department CIO is concerned the legislation might collide with internal Pentagon realignment efforts.
Current plans to trim Pentagon spending are clipping around the edges, and officials fear tougher choices will be hard for Congress to agree to.
Small Business Committee Chairman Sam Graves hopes that putting teeth in data reporting requirements will give smaller firms a better chance to compete for federal contracts.
Detailed guidance spells out what agencies can do to overcome institutional barriers to using data through collaboration across programs and agencies.
The IT acquisition bill, modified since it first went to the Senate in 2013, was approved by voice vote.
Frank Kendall, the Pentagon undersecretary in charge of acquisition, outlined some tentative plans to streamline acquisition rules, ideally before the fiscal 2015 defense funding bill.
Analysts see 'tremendous value' in data the government collects, but say infrastructure and policy prevent making the best use of it.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has been on the defensive since it was revealed that the NSA subverted encryption standards.
Cybersecurity is one of a few areas set to receive a boost, at the expense of troop strength.
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