The agency should also establish and regularly test security configurations on firewalls and routers to block unauthorized network traffic, TIGTA said.
The Internal Revenue Service should bolster network and information
security by improving how it manages audit logs, the Treasury Inspector
General for Tax Administration said.
TIGTA made the recommendation while acknowledging that the agency has effectively deployed systems to detect network intrusions at Internet gateways.
Audit logs record who accessed a computer system, what operations they performed and when, TIGTA said in a report released today. The auditor redacted portions of the report.
The IRS did not properly save and review its audit logs, which increased the likelihood that intruders could use the Internet to gain access to sensitive taxpayer data without detection, the report states.
Auditing system logs is essential for detecting potential security events, such as hacking attempts and other threats, said Michael Phillips, TIGTA’s deputy inspector general for audit. Proper management of audit logs ensures that operations performed on a system can be traced back to an individual at a specific time, he added.
To minimize the risk to taxpayer data, the IRS has consolidated about 95 percent of its Internet traffic into a limited number of gateways, the report states, although TIGTA redacted the number of external connections. The Office of Management and Budget has directed all agencies to reduce the number of gateways they have under the Trusted Internet Connections initiative.
The IRS uses firewalls, routers and intrusion-detection systems for each of its Internet gateways to make sure that only authorized traffic passes through, the report states.
Although the agency effectively operated the access controls, TIGTA recommended that the IRS Enterprise Networks organization establish and regularly test security configurations on firewalls and routers.
“Its systems administrators should configure the firewalls and routers to prevent unauthorized traffic from gaining access to the IRS internal network,” Phillips said.
Based on TIGTA’s recommendations, Arthur Gonzalez, IRS’ chief information officer, said he would:
• Make sure the IRS conducts an independent review of the audit logs for routers and firewalls.
• Implement a redundant audit log collection system for firewall and router events.
• Use an automated security application to conduct biweekly tests of routers and firewalls.
The IRS has already configured audit logs to use Coordinated Universal Time for time stamps and correlate security events across devices regardless of their physical location, Gonzalez said.