Marketing 101

Dot-com advertisements are everywhere, on everything. Boston College and

the University of Colorado clashed at the Bowl in December.

William Shatner is on every TV station, hawking discounted goods at

And a man in a dog suit distributes sports items to athletes in


And the ads aren't only on television. They're in print — on billboards,

taxis, tollbooths and stickers on fruit. Dot-coms have realized that getting

their names recognized takes money — and innovation.

Dot-govs are realizing this too. As consumers pressure governments for

the same high-quality service and efficiency that businesses provide, governments

see that they not only have to put services online, but they have to let

people know those services are there.

But are governments headed down the same expensive, high-profile paths

as their dot-com counterparts? Should they be considering creative advertising

campaigns, silly slogans or mascots? Haven't governments gotten by until

now with nothing flashier than a simple press release?

"Marketing works for everyone," including governments, according to

nine-time marketing book co-author Jack Trout. "They have the need to project

themselves as good to do business with."

That concept was in the forefront of the minds of those who launched

Hire Texas, the state's online job-matching service. When the Texas Workforce

Commission readied for the kickoff a year ago, managers knew that to reach

their goal of being the nation's best job site, they would have to market — on a large scale.

"It's not like "Field of Dreams,'" said Leslie Mueller, the Workforce Commission's

director of special proj- ects. "Just because we built it doesn't mean they'll

come. We can't make it self-service if it's hidden."

So managers brainstormed. For more than a week, they tossed ideas back and

forth. They finally decided on a 12-step plan, beginning with teaching employers

about the project to get them excited. That would segue into a full-blown

media campaign.

After an in-house demonstration, Mueller and communications director

Larry Jones began contacting the media, offering a special demonstration

of the program in real-time. The press could call a toll-free number as

they sat in front of computers and were walked through the World Wide Web


Press releases were faxed to 950 news agencies, and 150 individual reporters

were contacted. Sixty-seven reporters were on hand for the demonstration

that day, and the effort garnered more than 130 news stories in print across

the state, as well as national Web coverage.

"To me, it's not a question of being cute. It's just a question of telling

people that it's available," said Trout, whose latest book is called Differentiate

or Die.

To make government services noticeable, Trout said governments can simply

use the resources they already have — a watchful media, for one. And governments

should target a specific audience, pinpointing their message to individuals

who would use the particular service, he said.

For example, if you're putting permits online because you know small

businesses don't have time to handle permits during typical 9-to-5 government

hours, then small-business owners are your target audience. Taking the message

to local chambers of commerce or Rotary Club meetings might be appropriate.

Mueller and Jones knew they needed to target individuals without jobs

and employers with openings. They pulled together about $10,000 for a campaign.

They printed brochures for job seekers and employers, made buttons for

use at help centers reading "Ask me about Hire Texas," and sent hundreds

of e-mail messages to colleges and universities hawking the site's career

services. Now, 40 percent of the state's colleges have links to the site.

Next came a direct-mail campaign. In December, a card about the program

was inserted into 168,000 of the state's largest employers' regular unemployment

information mailings, costing the department just pennies. In addition,

the department started slipping cards into monthly unemployment checks.

"It's low cost," Mueller said. "We're sending [the checks] anyway."

Kentucky's Department of Agriculture used a similarly targeted, yet

scaled-down, approach to hype the debut of a site where farmers and farm

businesses could create their own Web sites. The department launched the

site last August at a state fair attended by reporters from all the major

dailies, said Scott Willett, director of information technology for the


They also spread the word by doing demonstrations at agriculture conferences,

fertilizer meetings and local libraries. And government managers made sure

the Web site was printed on everyone's business card and listed on every

press release. Billboards could appear in the future. "We want to get the

site noticed and out there," Willett said.

Press releases, although old hat for government, are a good, solid way to

start getting the word out, said Lee Mandell, director of information technology

and research for the North Carolina League of Municipalities. Sometimes,

he said, they are all a government needs.

But if a release fizzles, the government will have to have a backup

plan, Mandell said. "It's going to be a challenge for public information

officials," he said. "It's not something we're particularly skilled at."

Some agencies are getting the hang of it, though.

In Indiana, Department of Commerce managers know that people love winning

anything. Tourism officials bet that $10,000 in prizes would attract people

to the department's new tourism site, EnjoyIndiana (www.enjoyindiana. com).

People could simply log on and submit a story about traveling in Indiana

and be eligible for prizes donated by businesses. The bounty included restaurant

gift certificates, hotel stays and weekend getaway packages.

"It was a simple way to drive potential visitors to the site that was

a little bit different than traditional marketing strategies," said Kevin

Weltman, spokesman for the department. "It certainly helps if you can do

something different than what people have done in the past."

In California, the state Franchise Tax Board began a targeted campaign

to hype online filing using a radio commercial that made light of typical

tax-filing rituals. The spot joked that to make it through the time it takes

to fill out a traditional form, you'd need a lot of food. But, not for

e-filing. "Fast, accurate and totally fat-free," the spot boasted.

Over the past two years, the board used $200,000 to target several small

communities where results could be measured. In those communities, e-filing

increased 4.5 percent above the statewide average.

And this year, the board asked the legislature for $260,000 to market

even more. The board hopes the money will increase statewide e-filing to

2.5 million returns for the 2001 filing season. The state almost reached

that goal this year, with 2.3 million returns — about 25 percent of total


But not everything flashy costs big money. Lincoln, Neb., found a bargain

way to advertise InterLinc, the city and county Web site (

The city partnered with a few media outlets, and free advertising was

part of the deal.

"Using media as project partners seemed to make sense," said Terry

Lowe, the city's systems project manager. "You don't get a lot of advertising

dollars in government."

The deal with a local newspaper, a TV station and a radio station allowed

the city to advertise without exchanging money — just advertising. The city

got newspaper ads, television commercials and radio spots while the media

partners were plugged on public space, including city buses. The city, of

course, had Web site ads on all the buses.

"That's a no-brainer," Lowe said. "We own the transportation system."

Back in Texas, six months after the start of the Hire Texas ad campaign,

the site boasts a tenfold increase of new applicants. About 200 to 300 applicants

sign up every day — up from 30 applicants a day before the campaign. And

instead of the 15 to 20 employers that piloted the program, 15 to 20 companies

log on daily to advertise jobs.

Not a bad result for a $10,000 investment, managers said.

And Mueller and Jones aren't stopping. In June, they'll send a card explaining

the program to every employer in the state — about 400,000 total. The monthly

reminders in unemployment insurance checks will continue, too.

Mueller said governments simply have to adapt to the new technology.

"Government is going to have to reinvent itself to what the customer needs,"

she said. "There is no reason why interaction with government should be

different than other interactions."


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