Management

Long-planned visa exit system inches forward

fingerprint

DHS is working on a system to collect fingerprints from foreign nationals when they leave the country, but progress is coming very slowly. (Stock image)

The Department of Homeland Security will soon put the finishing touches on a plan for a biometric identification system intended to help track visa overstays.

Jim Crumpacker, director of DHS' Departmental GAO-IG Liaison Office, told the Government Accountability Office that Customs and Border Protection's Office of Field Operations and DHS' Science and Technology Directorate will come up with goals aimed at creating and implementing a biometric air exit identification system for use at U.S. airports by Jan. 31, 2014.

Download

Get the GAO report.

The agency has been contemplating a visa exit system for years that would electronically collect fingerprints from foreign visitors when they leave the United States. Real progress on the system, however, has been glacial. In 2004, the commission that investigated the 2001 terrorist attacks recommended using a biometrics-based system to keep track of visa exits. In 2007, Congress gave DHS a deadline of June 30, 2009, to put such a system in place.

DHS missed that deadline but implemented a pilot program that year for a biometric exit system that integrated non-U.S. citizen departure information with existing arrival information. The Air Exit pilot, conducted at the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County and Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson airports, ran from May to July 2009. DHS then submitted a report to Congress on the test. In 2011, DHS' Science and Technology Directorate began researching long-term options for biometric exit. In May 2012, DHS reported internally on the results of S&T's analysis and made recommendations to support the planning and development of a biometric air exit capability.

Crumpacker's letter, included in a July GAO visa overstay audit, also said efforts to evaluate biometric identification systems across his agency have become more complex. Responsibilities to improve and enforce visa overstays under the U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology program have been split between CBP and Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Crumpacker said DHS would establish a new working group to evaluate visa overstays with ICE in the lead.

The GAO audit found DHS initially made progress in reducing a backlog of 1.6 million arrival records that didn't have corresponding departure records, closing about 863,000 records in that backlog.

However, GAO said as new unmatched arrival records have accrued, DHS has had trouble keeping up. The audit reported that as of June 2013, unmatched arrival records once again totaled more than 1 million.

About the Author

Mark Rockwell is a senior staff writer at FCW, whose beat focuses on acquisition, the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Energy.

Before joining FCW, Rockwell was Washington correspondent for Government Security News, where he covered all aspects of homeland security from IT to detection dogs and border security. Over the last 25 years in Washington as a reporter, editor and correspondent, he has covered an increasingly wide array of high-tech issues for publications like Communications Week, Internet Week, Fiber Optics News, tele.com magazine and Wireless Week.

Rockwell received a Jesse H. Neal Award for his work covering telecommunications issues, and is a graduate of James Madison University.

Click here for previous articles by Rockwell. Contact him at mrockwell@fcw.com or follow him on Twitter at @MRockwell4.


Featured

  • Cybersecurity

    DHS floats 'collective defense' model for cybersecurity

    Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen wants her department to have a more direct role in defending the private sector and critical infrastructure entities from cyberthreats.

  • Defense
    Defense Secretary James Mattis testifies at an April 12 hearing of the House Armed Services Committee.

    Mattis: Cloud deal not tailored for Amazon

    On Capitol Hill, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis sought to quell "rumors" that the Pentagon's planned single-award cloud acquisition was designed with Amazon Web Services in mind.

  • Census
    shutterstock image

    2020 Census to include citizenship question

    The Department of Commerce is breaking with recent practice and restoring a question about respondent citizenship last used in 1950, despite being urged not to by former Census directors and outside experts.

Stay Connected

FCW Update

Sign up for our newsletter.

I agree to this site's Privacy Policy.