Third time's a charm
- By Patrice McDermott
- Feb 06, 2000
If President Clinton's fiscal 2001 budget, due to be released today, is
anything like past budgets, substantial investments in information technology
and calls for improved IT management will be included.
One area that the White House should ask agencies to focus on this year
is complying with three separate laws that require agencies to compile inventories
of their information systems: the 1996 Electronic Freedom of Information
Act (EFOIA) amendments to the Freedom of Information Act, the Paperwork
Reduction Act and the Information Technology Management Reform Act.
The organization for which I work, OMB Watch, has just completed an
updated study — "A People Armed?" — on the implementation of the EFOIA amendments.
In our study, we found that there was widespread noncompliance with the
amendments, particularly with the requirements that agencies provide an
index of all their major information systems and a description of their
major information and record locator systems.
Although some agencies have indexed some of their information systems — primarily, it appears, their Privacy Act systems — it is difficult to determine
what has and has not been indexed and why. That's partly a definition issue
that lies on the Office of Management and Budget's table (and is the subject
of a lawsuit), but it also is indicative of a failure of agencies to take
these requirements seriously.
Providing the kinds of information mandated by the EFOIA amendments
would make it easier for the public to know what information the federal
government creates, collects or maintains, and how it organizes that information.
Section 3511 of the Paperwork Reduction Act similarly requires the Office
of Information and Regulatory Affairs at OMB to "cause to be established
and maintained an...electronic Government Information Locator Service, which
shall identify the major information systems...of each agency."
I do not need to revisit the dismal history of OMB on development of
GILS but will note that it is largely moribund at the federal level, although
not at the state and international levels.
It is worth noting that OMB's bulletin on GILS — issued shortly before
the Paperwork Reduction Act passed — instructed agencies to compile an inventory
of their "automated information systems," which is quite different language
from that of the statute.
Section 5403 of the Information Technology Management Reform Act requires
that if an information technology system is to provide information to the
public, an index of the information should be included in an electronic
directory maintained by the superintendent of documents at the Government
Three well-known statutes — each requiring agencies to provide to the
public, in an electronic format, an inventory of the information they collect — are largely ignored.
What better resolution for this millennial year than to come into compliance
with these laws and, better still, give the public useful information about
how its government operates?
— McDermott is an information policy analyst with OMB Watch, a government
watchdog group in Washington, D.C.