Census tests security

The Census Bureau has hired a company to try to break into its Internet

site and brought in the super-secret National Security Agency to test Census

security systems.

Census officials said they are certain the data is safe but want to make

sure there are no vulnerable spots.

"Every day, people are scanning our ports. It's not just our site. It's

any site, said J. Gary Doyle, who is responsible for systems integration

at the Census Bureau.

Among the steps that the Census Bureau has taken to protect the decennial

count:

* Hiring the technology firm Science Applications International Corp. to

try to break into the Census' Internet site, where respondents can file

online. SAIC began working last week, and there have been no reports of

successful entry into the site.

* Enlisting NSA to make sure the site is secure.

* Erecting firewalls to prevent penetration. Among the precautions: prohibiting

e-mail from entering the site unless there is a specific address on it and

barring outside computers from dialing up the census computer in the building.

* Encrypting all census data from the time it leaves a data scanning center

via a secure telephone line until it arrives at the Census computer center

in Bowie, Md.

* Making three copies of the data and storing it in different vaults.

* Providing backup systems at the Bowie computer center, including generators

and air conditioners.

The Census Bureau's precautions have gotten high marks from security experts

inside and outside government

"Census is using all of the proper security practices," said Richard Smith,

vice president of federal operations at Internet Security Systems Inc. "I

would guess the likelihood of someone getting in is small."

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