Navy lobs assault on DMS

The $1.6 billion global Defense Message System the military has spent years

constructing is no improvement over its decades-old message system, contends

a senior Navy official who wants to study whether the messaging system can

meet military requirements.

Rear Adm. R.W. Mayo, the Navy's director of space, information warfare,

command and control, said the Defense Message System (DMS) is deficient

in at least three ways:

* It does not guarantee fast enough delivery of emergency messages.

* It cannot be used by deployed Navy ships.

* It adds to operational complexity.

In a memo sent to the Joint Staff this month, Mayo calls for "a formal

Joint Staff-led review" of military messaging requirements and whether DMS

can meet them. A Navy spokeswoman said a meeting among the Joint Staff,

the Defense secretary's office and the Navy is being arranged.

"Based on fleet experience, the Navy believes DMS does not offer end-to-end

messaging capability with significant value added over currently operational

Autodin plus commercial off-the-shelf e-mail systems," Mayo wrote. Rather

than an improvement over Autodin, which is the Defense Department's Automatic

Digital Network, "DMS has evolved into merely a replacement for Autodin,"

he said.

But Lockheed Martin Corp., the contractor building DMS, is "meeting customers'

expectations and requirements," said Dom Costa, Lockheed's vice president

for messaging systems. DMS "is up and running and providing secure interoperable

messaging in the field," where appropriate hardware has been installed,

he said.

Costa said any problems the Navy is having are ones the Navy has created

because it is trying to install the system on the cheap. "The Navy has chosen

to implement DMS in a minimalist approach due to funding shortfalls," he

said.

DOD began to design DMS in 1988 to be a successor to Autodin, which

has been used since the 1960s. DMS was intended to be a secure network for

transmitting high-level traffic such as nuclear alerts and "go to war" orders,

as well as transmitting general-purpose military messages worldwide.

Initially, DMS was intended to provide electronic messaging capabilities

to 2 million military personnel. But over the years, requirements have changed,

Costa said. Ultimately, DMS could provide communications capabilities for

many agencies and link 20 million users, he said.

In 1995, DOD awarded Lockheed Martin a $1.6 billion contract to build the

system. It was to be in place by the start of this year, but major pieces

remain incomplete. In the Navy's case, initial implementation plans call

for DMS to work only ashore, Mayo said. That means when ships go to sea,

they must revert to Autodin.

Moreover, DMS is not guaranteed to meet speed requirements for emergency

messages, Mayo said. Lockheed Martin said the system can deliver messages

anywhere in the world in three minutes. But Autodin delivers in one minute,

according to a Defense source.

A source familiar with the DMS program said the Navy uses modems in some

of its DMS installations, greatly slowing the delivery of messages.

This is at least the second time the Navy has expressed alarm about DMS.

In 1997, it issued a stop-work order on DMS amid reports of widespread user

dissatisfaction. And the Navy isn't the only service to become disenchanted

with DMS. Last summer, Air Force units in Europe rejected the mobile version

of DMS because it consists of a half-ton of equipment packed into several

bulky containers. A contractor hired by the Air Force built the mobile version,

not Lockheed, Costa said.

DOD's goal remains to adopt DMS and scrap Autodin, a spokeswoman said. The

system "is a tremendous leap forward in capability" compared with Autodin,

which is "antiquated and obsolete" and an inflexible "Industrial Age system."

Despite Mayo's misgivings, the Navy has not halted DMS installations

or stopped using the parts of the system that are in place, a Navy spokeswoman

said.

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