Privacy fears prompt study, delay
- By William Matthews
- May 22, 2000
Few things can match the Internet for fast growth, but the growing alarm
about privacy is certainly one of them.
Polls show that 83 percent of Americans fear that they have lost control
over how companies use their private information. And in response, state
legislatures across the nation are considering 2,000 to 3,000 privacy bills.
Now Congress is offering to help. The House of Representatives is considering
legislation to create a privacy commission to study the issue for 18 months.
But 18 months of study will only delay action on privacy and security,
said John Spotila, the Clinton administration's information technology policy-maker
in chief, speaking to a House subcommittee last week.
"In some areas, we already know that we must act swiftly to protect privacy
and security," he said. "Indeed, the administration's biggest concern is
the risk that some might use the commission as a reason to delay much-needed
Meaningful legislation is needed to protect the privacy of personal
financial information and medical records and to prevent genetic discrimination,
Spotila told the House Government Management, Information and Technology
Subcommittee. "We cannot take a year and a half off in protecting Americans'
privacy," he said.
The federal government has been studying privacy at least since 1993, Spotila
noted. But when Congress has acted on privacy, it has done too little, he
said. Legislation passed last year to protect financial privacy left many
Mike Hatch, the attorney general of Minnesota, was more blunt. Congress'
record on privacy protection is not good. For example, when Congress passed
the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which was touted as protecting financial privacy,
it actually gave banks more authority than ever before to trade in consumers'
financial information, he said.
Congress failed to meet an August 1999 deadline for passing medical records
privacy legislation, leaving it to the Department of Health and Human Services
to propose regulations. The HHS regulations generated 53,000 comments that
the agency must review before announcing final rules, Spotila said.
On the matter of genetic discrimination, President Clinton has banned
federal agencies from considering genetic information in hiring or promotions,
Spotila said, but legislation that would apply such rules to the private
sector remains hung up in Congress.
There is a "need for further action, not further study," Spotila said.