A shrinking world

A sample of recent multi-national operations

1990-91 — Persian Gulf War: Afghanistan, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh,

Belgium, Great Britain, Canada, the Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany,

Honduras, Italy, Kuwait, New Zealand, Niger, Oman, Poland, Qatar, Romania,

Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Syria, United Arab Emirates and the United States.

1991 — Operation Provide Comfort: Mission to protect and provide aid to

Kurdish refugees in northern Iraq following the Persian Gulf War involving

Great Britain, France, Turkey, the United States and nine other countries.

1992-93 — Operation Restore Hope: Somalia — Humanitarian assistance involving

the United States and 24 other countries.

1995 — Operation United Shield: Assistance to withdraw U.N. peacekeeping

forces from Somalia involving the United States, Italy and six other nations.

1995-present — Bosnia-Herzegovina: NATO Stabilization Force, Albania, Argentina,

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt,

Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Ireland,

Jordan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Morocco, the Netherlands,

Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States.

1998 — Operation Determined Force: Standing readiness plan involving more

than 250 aircraft from Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy,

the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and

the United States.

1998 — Operation Eagle Eye: NATO verification mission in Kosovo involving

the United States, France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom.

1999 — Operation Determined Guarantor: Readiness extraction force for verification

mission in Kosovo, including Americans. France, Germany, the Netherlands,

Italy, the United Kingdom and 10 other NATO nations under command of U.S.

Army Gen. Wesley Clark.

1999 — Operation Allied Force: 78-day air campaign in Kosovo. All 19 NATO


1999-present — Kosovo Peacekeeping Force: Canada, the Czech Republic, France,

Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia,

Spain, Turkey, the Ukraine and the United States.


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