Making sense of governmentwide security

The call for a federal CIO has its roots in information security. In the

past decade, the government has formed numerous groups to formulate governmentwide

policies and interagency programs to improve security.

1989: Computer Emergency Response Team founded at Carnegie Mellon University.

1991: Defense Information Systems Agency's ASSIST formed.

1993: Air Force Information Warfare Center activated.

1994: Federal legislation criminalizes transmission of viruses over


1996: Justice Department calls for "Manhattan Project" for cybersecurity.

President's Commission on Critical Infra-structure Protection established.

1998: National Infrastructure Protection Center formed at the FBI.

Presidential Decision Directive 63 signed, requiring agencies to develop

plans to protect critical information systems. Critical Infrastructure Assurance

Office (CIAO) established. Joint Task Force for Computer Network Defense


1999: The CIAO proposes 10-point cyberdefense plan.

2000: President Clinton releases the National Plan for Information Systems

Protection. OMB calls for agencies to include information security programs

in their budgets.


  • Defense
    Ryan D. McCarthy being sworn in as Army Secretary Oct. 10, 2019. (Photo credit: Sgt. Dana Clarke/U.S. Army)

    Army wants to spend nearly $1B on cloud, data by 2025

    Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy said lack of funding or a potential delay in the JEDI cloud bid "strikes to the heart of our concern."

  • Congress
    Rep. Jim Langevin (D-R.I.) at the Hack the Capitol conference Sept. 20, 2018

    Jim Langevin's view from the Hill

    As chairman of of the Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committe and a member of the House Homeland Security Committee, Rhode Island Democrat Jim Langevin is one of the most influential voices on cybersecurity in Congress.

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