Key laws for federal cyberdefenders
- By Dan Verton
- Aug 14, 2000
* Fourth Amendment to the Constitution: Protects all citizens against "unreasonable
searches and seizures."
* Electronic Communications Privacy Act: Gives an employer the right
to access an employee's e-mail and voice-mail messages if the messages are
maintained on a system provided by the government or the employer.
* Information Infrastructure Protection Act; also known as the "hacker
statute;" originally the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, amended in 1996:
Prohibits unauthorized access to computer systems and sets stiff penalties,
including fines and imprisonment.
* Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Guides the process of applying
for search warrants to conduct electronic surveillance of agents of foreign
powers within the United States. Heard by a special court composed of
seven federal district judges designated by the chief justice of the Supreme
* Departmental Ethics Regulations; Executive Order 12674 issued by
President Bush in 1989 and modified in 1990 by Executive Order 12731: States
14 general principles that broadly define the obligations of public service.
Federal employees are expected to place their loyalties to the Constitution,
laws and ethical principles above private gain.