A case of arrested development
- By Bryant Jordan
- Sep 11, 2000
A Justice Department initiative to develop a nationwide system for identifying
and booking crime suspects may remain stalled in Florida by a lack of funding
The Joint Automated Booking System (JABS) would standardize arrest procedures,
making sure that law enforcement officials collect the same information
every time they make an arrest and provide the necessary data to maintain
a national offender database.
JABS also would be linked to an electronic fingerprint database, reducing
the time it takes to identify a suspect from weeks to hours.
Justice officials had hoped to begin expanding the 3-year-old program
beyond its test base in Florida starting in 2001, but the fiscal 2001 budget
does not provide the $19.5 million the department needs.
"If [the 2001 budget] comes back the way it is now, we'll only be in a maintenance
mode and can't further deploy it," said Brian McGrath, program manager for
JABS. "We're appealing the budget, and if we get the appeal, we'll get all
the components deploying at some pace."
Calls made to the House and Senate Judiciary committees to discuss the
budgeting dilemma were not returned.
JABS would integrate information across agency lines as well as across
state lines. With JABS, Justice would collect arrest data, including fingerprints,
mug shots and other information, from five federal law enforcement agencies — the Drug Enforcement Administration, the FBI, the Immigration and Naturalization
Service, the U.S. Marshals Service and the Bureau of Prisons.
The electronic system also would reduce the reams of paperwork filed
by law enforcement agencies when they arrest and book suspects.
The JABS program came out of the Clinton administration's National Performance
Review — now called the National Partnership for Reinventing Government.
Justice officials agreed that the arrest process was time consuming and
redundant, and resulted in streams of paper records that have become a problem
The prototype for the system has been used in Florida by the DEA since
1996. DEA officers there have compiled fingerprints on more than 2,000 suspects
in the south Florida region.
The DEA began feeding its arrest data into the JABS database in July,
marking the start of the nationwide JABS effort. But further expansion depends
largely on future funding.
One official said budgeters might have cut the funding back because
the department asked for it late in the process and may not have given officials
all the background information they needed.
Congress also may have questioned changes in program costs. Originally
estimated to cost $160 million to deploy, Justice now expects to get JABS
running for $40 million, said the official, speaking on background. The
department was able to reduce the costs dramatically by redesigning it to
run via the Internet rather than phone lines.
Other information technology projects pushed by Justice also have gotten
short shrift by Congress in recent years.
The FBI's Information Sharing Initiative, which would give agents the
ability to share and sift through information on active cases, was derailed
because of congressional concerns about past cost overruns on FBI computer
projects. After giving the bureau $20 million toward the project in 1999,
Congress actually barred the FBI from spending the money until budget appropriators
approved plans for the project.
Today, the FBI's plan is called e-FBI, and like JABS, it is based on
the Internet, not telephone systems.