- By Milt x_Zall
- Nov 03, 2000
Open season for the Federal Employees Health Benefits program is upon us
again. Here are some tips that may help you choose wisely for next year.
There is no one best plan. People have different health care needs and
look for different things. Statistically, the most popular plans are the
Blue Cross/Blue Shield standard option followed by the Mail Handlers Benefit
Plan and Government Employees Hospital Association Inc. plan.
To decide which one is best for you, review your recent health care
needs and consider the kind of care you may need in the next year. If you
or a family member has been using a lot of hospital in- patient care and
expect that will continue, seek a plan that has excellent inpatient coverage.
If you need better coverage for doctor's visits, diagnostic tests or prescription
drugs, you might want to consider a health maintenance organization or a
plan that has good preferred provider agreements with a wide variety of
doctors and laboratories.
Regardless of which plan you choose, it cannot impose a waiting period
or any exclusions or limits on benefits because of a pre-existing health
condition. The good news is that all the plans cover hospital and physician
care, prescription drugs, outpatient diagnostic lab tests, treatment of
mental illness, home health care, routine mammograms for women over 35,
routine prostate cancer tests for men over 40 and smoking cessation programs.
Some even cover special benefits such as acupuncture and chiropractic care.
The catastrophic protection benefit is probably the most important add-on
option to consider. This benefit places a dollar limit on the amount of
money you have to pay out of your own pocket for expenses that your plan
HMOs are also worth a look. They cover hospital and physician care,
prescription drugs and stress prevention. Many also offer more comprehensive
coverage, including dental care, at lower premiums than fee-for- service
plans. The downside to HMOs is that you give up control over your medical
care. The HMO decides how much, what kind and the location of your medical
care. And many plans only allow you to use the doctors and hospitals that
are members of the HMO or with which the plan has an agreement. HMOs also
have limited benefits for emergency care.
If you have a chronic health problem, mail-order prescription services
can save you money. If you regularly use many drugs, review the benefits
provided by different plans. In my opinion, the plan that offers the best
mail-order prescription coverage is Blue Cross/Blue Shield.
Remember: The worst mistake you can make is to enroll in a plan that
costs more money than you need to spend. That's hardly a catastrophe, and
you will have an opportunity next year to make an adjustment.
Zall is a retired federal employee who since 1987 has written the Bureaucratus
column for Federal Computer Week. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.