Fighting the threat within

It seems that nearly every week there are news reports of Web sites being vandalized or a new virus making the rounds. Those external threats are widely covered by the press, but many security breaches actually occur within an agency's walls. That happens when staff members gain access to resources—data, applications, network routing—that are supposed to be off limits.

Sun Microsystems Inc.'s Solaris operating system is used by several federal agencies and is widely regarded as more secure than many other operating systems. Trusted Solaris 8, an extended version of the Solaris 8 operating system, enhances security policies by enforcing multiple sensitivity levels that limit users' access to information.

Trusted Solaris 8 adds Java tools that enable administrators to manage Trusted Solaris systems from any computer running Solaris Management Console 2.0 software. Administrators can implement common role-based access control that lets them manage rights attributes on Solaris 8 and Trusted Solaris 8 clients. Trusted Solaris 8 systems can also be a name server for Solaris 8 or Trusted Solaris 8 clients.

Before beginning an installation of Trusted Solaris 8, we'd recommend planning your security strategy carefully. You can control all interaction with programs, files and utilities on a user-by-user basis. The singular superuser functionality found in the regular version of the Solaris operating system is divided into multiple roles to make intrusion less likely. What's more, you can control access to devices.

The installation of Trusted Solaris 8 is straightforward and well documented. The configuration process will take some time, but step-by-step instructions are included. This release is supported on both the SPARC and Intel Corp. architectures as long as you have at least 128M of memory (more is needed for servers and for systems that run large applications), 1G of disk space for desktop systems and 2G of disk space for servers. We installed Trusted Solaris 8 on a SPARC platform that had 256M of memory and 8G of disk space. Besides the lengthy configuration process that was required to secure our test network, Trusted Solaris 8 worked wonderfully.

We especially liked the Mandatory Access Control (MAC) functionality. Our test environment mim-icked activities in a typical financial institution, where transactions and information must be accessible by people with various authorization levels. The MAC functionality let us configure account information so that customer-service representatives and voice-response applications had access to account balance information, while credit information on customers was available only to the loan department. The biggest change for administrators used to managing Solaris systems will be the move to role-based access control. RBAC splits system management tasks among several roles, which are quite specific and lessen the chances of unauthorized personnel assuming superuser rights. Administrators will need to log in as themselves and then assume one or more roles that they are authorized to perform. That also provides a better way to audit exactly who is doing what on the system. Administrators can provide users with specific rights that may be outside the normal security policies without giving unnecessary authorities in the process. You can also combine rights in a hierarchical manner using the Rights Manager Tool and create profiles that can be assigned to various users or multiple administrators who perform specific functions. Also useful is Trusted Solaris 8's support for device allocation. Administrators can set sensitivity labels for specific devices that allow or deny their use. Even windowing activities can be controlled. For example, you might let some users copy and paste text, graphics or binary data between windows. They can preview the data being transferred, and you can log all activity that occurs between windows.

Our work with Trusted Solaris 8 showed that it is flexible enough to support nearly any security requirement. Careful planning and configuration, and regular audits—which are supported within Trusted Solaris 8—will yield a security process that can stand up in even the most sensitive environments.

Biggs (maggie@biggs.com) has more than 15 years of business and IT experience in the financial sector.

REPORT CARD

Trusted Solaris 8

Score: A Sun Microsystems Inc.
(800) 786-0404
www.sun.com

Price and availability: Trusted Solaris 8 costs $2,595 for one or two CPUs; $1,295 to upgrade one or two CPUs; $11,995 for three to eight CPUs; and $5,995 to upgrade three to eight CPU systems.

Remarks: An extension to the Solaris 8 operating system, Trusted Solaris 8—when used with other security measures, such as firewalls and access control lists—provides a solid solution for sites that require a high degree of, security.

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