Systems blamed for overspending

Roger Viadero's testimony

Because of weaknesses with their financial management systems, two agencies within the Agriculture Department spent more money than had been appropriated to them, USDA's inspector general told a House subcommittee Tuesday.

The Forest Service obligated $274 million more than the funds it was allocated to fight fires, Agriculture IG Roger Viadero testified. And the Commodity Credit Corporation disbursed $50,000 more than it had been appropriated for the livestock indemnity program.

The overspending violates the Antideficiency Act, which prohibits agencies from spending money not appropriated by Congress.

"These violations of law are examples of the negative impact the absence of reliable accounting systems and/or operational weaknesses can have," Viadero told the House Government Reform Committee's Government Efficiency, Financial Management and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee.

The subcommittee held a series of three hearings Tuesday looking at the three agencies that have had chronic financial management problems — the departments of Defense and Agriculture, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. Rep. Stephen Horn (R-Calif.), the subcommittee chairman, flunked the three agencies in his February report card grading the government's financial management status.

USDA's acting chief financial officer, Patricia Healy, said that while she knew of the problem at the Forest Service, she did not know of the problems at the Commodity Credit Corp. until she heard Viadero's testimony, and she said she would check on it further.

Healy and USAID officials told lawmakers that they are making progress.

The USDA has been focused on fixing systemic problems rather than an immediate, short-term effort of merely receiving a clean audit opinion. Healy said it would be a "hollow victory if we do not put into place the systems and processes necessary not only to sustain the clean opinion, but to provide accurate, reliable and useful financial information about our operations that can be used by program managers to effectively and efficiently manage the vast resources entrusted to USDA."

The USDA is in the final stages of replacing its Central Accounting System, although CAS problems will still hinder fiscal 2001 audit results. "This system is so inherently flawed that it cooks its own books," Viadero said.

The agency also is in the final stages of implementing its Foundation Financial Information System.

Meanwhile USAID, after years of perpetual problems with its so-called New Management System, was able to successfully implement its new accounting system, known as Phoenix. The system, however, is operational only at the Washington, D.C., headquarters and it will not be rolled out at USAID's overseas offices until 2003.

About the Author

Christopher J. Dorobek is the co-anchor of Federal News Radio’s afternoon drive program, The Daily Debrief with Chris Dorobek and Amy Morris, and the founder, publisher and editor of the, a leading blog for the Federal IT community.

Dorobek joined Federal News Radio in 2008 with 16 years of experience covering government issues with an emphasis on government information technology. Prior to joining Federal News Radio, Dorobek was editor-in-chief of Federal Computer Week, the leading news magazine for government IT decision-makers and the flagship of the 1105 Government Information Group portfolio of publications. As editor-in-chief, Dorobek served as a member of the senior leadership team at 1105 Government Information Group, providing daily editorial direction and management for FCW magazine,, Government Health IT and its other editorial products.

Dorobek joined FCW in 2001 as a senior reporter and assumed increasing responsibilities, becoming managing editor and executive editor before being named editor-in-chief in 2006. Prior to joining FCW, Dorobek was a technology reporter at, one of the first online community centers for current and former government employees. He also spent five years at Government Computer News, another leading industry publication, covering a variety of federal IT-related issues.

Dorobek is a frequent speaker on issues involving the government IT industry, and has appeared as a frequent contributor to NewsChannel 8’s Federal News Today program. He began his career as a reporter at the Foster’s Daily Democrat, a daily newspaper in Dover, N.H. He is a graduate of the University of Southern California. He lives in Washington, DC.


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