Federal List

6 sci-fi DARPA projects

warrior web exoskeleton

The Warrior Web's exoskeleton prototype. (DARPA photo)

1. Super-fast fiber for next-gen sensors

Fiber-optic communication is fast, but the glass fiber is actually a limiter of data-transmission speeds. In July, officials at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency announced that they have radically improved the design of "hollow-core" fiber to boost performance and have developed design and production capacity for that fiber here in the United States.

2. Atlas, the robotic pupil

DARPA's Virtual Robotics Challenge entered a new phase in July, when Atlas — a 6-foot-2-inch, 330-pound robot developed by Boston Dynamics — was introduced to seven teams tasked with training it for disaster-response scenarios. The end goal? "Supervised autonomy" so that Atlas and its successors can step into situations too dangerous for humans. (Click the YouTube video embedded below to see Atlas in action.)

3. Giving 'iron man' a whole new meaning

U.S. warfighters are a strong bunch, but the Warrior Web project uses high-tech exoskeletons to boost their endurance and carrying capacity. The undersuits, now in development, protect joints and reduce fatigue while remaining "comfortable, durable and washable" — all without drawing more than 100 watts of power.

4. Getting past the password

We don't need DARPA to know that passwords — often poorly chosen and written down on Post-it notes — are the weak link of cybersecurity. But the agency's Active Authentication program has expanded from its initial focus on desktop security to tackle mobile devices as well. And forget fingerprints — the research here is on "behavioral biometrics focused on the user's cognitive processes."

5. LADAR: Like radar, but with lasers

Laser detection and ranging, or LADAR, is essentially high-definition radar that provides remarkably detailed 3-D mapping. The technology is not new, but in the past, the equipment has been too bulky and slow to be practical. Now, however, DARPA researchers have gotten the required 2-D optical phased array onto a chip the size of the head of a pin. In addition to paving the way for LADAR innovation, DARPA officials say, the new chip might "have applications for biomedical imaging, 3-D holographic displays and ultra-high-data-rate communications."

6. Devices with a disappearing act

For military technology, the emphasis is often on ruggedness and durability, but what happens when that equipment is captured or left behind? DARPA's Vanishing Programmable Resources project is working on the "Mission: Impossible" fix: crafting mil-spec electronics that are also "capable of dissolving into the environment around them." Water-soluble electronics have been possible for some time; the goal now is to trigger their destruction in other environmental conditions and by remote signal.

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Reader comments

Fri, Sep 27, 2013 Thomas J. Kesolits PE Holmdel, NJ

Definately we have caught up with science fiction. I can see this robot as a device to not only produce robots, but to produce exo-skelaton devices to help people with in-operable bad knees and hips. I have some experience with hip problems that surger cured, but there are others confined to wheel chairs due to complications. Atlas type devices would simplify the cleaning up of nuclear power plants and work in other hazardous environment. GREAT WORK.

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