Security

White House urges changes to clearance rules

Top Secret

The Obama administration released recommendations for changing the security clearance process for government employees and contractors, including creating a system to continuously evaluate cleared personnel, as part of a review conducted in the wake of the September 2013 Navy Yard shooting.

The government identified several systemic flaws in the background investigation of Navy Yard shooter Aaron Alexis, an IT contractor with a topsecret security clearance.

The government plans to move to a continuous evaluation method, rather than conducting initial investigations with scheduled follow ups. The shift to a continuous evaluation model will require new IT systems to store and search through data.

As the report notes, "currently there is no government-wide capability, plan, or design present in the investigative community to collect, store, and share relevant information." The recommendations include plans to involve the CIO and the CTO in developing a long-term IT strategy to support continuous evaluation.

The government is seeking a new IT strategy for the clearance process to get a handle on costs, while promoting efficient, government-wide access. The plan is still on the drawing board, but includes offering real-time access to investigation data and electronic access to federal, state and local law enforcement records, building a continuous evaluation system to monitor cleared personnel, a new case management system, and the inclusion of new data in background checks, including social media.

The intelligence community and the Defense Department are leading the way on continuous evaluation. The Office of the Director of National Intelligence expects to have a continuous evaluation capability online in September of this year for especially sensitive posts, and a system in place across intelligence agencies by 2016. Defense has 100,000 personnel in its Automated Continuous Evaluation System, which will be ramped up to 500,000 by the end of 2016.

Continuous evaluation is a means of finding potentially adverse information about a cleared individual that takes place after the initial clearance, but before periodic reinvestigation. Officials remain vague about what they are looking for, but the military program suggests that arrests, financial troubles, domestic violence and drug abuse are among the issues that could trigger the suspension or revocation of a security clearance.

Another improvement is making sure that there is a pipeline of information from state and local law enforcement to clearance investigators. Many jurisdictions, including some metropolitan police departments, routinely refuse to share arrest records and police-report information with investigators conducting background checks. In the case of Alexis, a 2004 firearms incident reported to the Seattle authorities could have left an informational trail that might have alerted investigators to a history of violence.

The administration is also looking to reduce the number of individuals holding a secret or top secret security clearance, now at about 5.1 million. This number includes more than 1.5 million with the top secret clearance -- approximately 850,000 federal employees both civilian and military, almost 500,000 contractors and 180,000 listed as "other." Next month, the administration is expected to conclude a governmentwide review of all jobs, to see if access to classified material can be curtailed in some positions. Once that is done, a new rule defining what constitutes a "national security position" will be issued.

The government also identified the need for standards in terms of database checks to be included in background investigations, such as citizenship verification and Social Security confirmation to prevent people from perpetrating outright identity fraud, as well as the consultation of specialty databases maintained for the intelligence community, and improved military discharge records. The White House also recommends finding ways to use social media information, previously excluded from background checks, as a component of investigations.

"These are common-sense approaches and consistent with recommendations [the Professional Services Council] made over the last several months to OMB, DOD, and the intelligence community," said Stan Soloway, President and CEO of the Professional Services Council, a trade group representing government contractors. "These reviews have appropriately focused on what information is to be reviewed and how to make greater use of a risk- and analytics-based approach."

A separate report released by the Defense Department found that Alexis, a Navy veteran, did not have potentially important information entered into his Joint Personnel Adjudication System file. The report notes that adverse information about Alexis's arrests was not included in the JPAS record because he did not have access to classified information as part of his duties. "This perception is common in the department, as the existing DOD policy is not clear," report found.

The report found that Alexis could have been refused a clearance under the existing system, citing "missed opportunities for intervention that, had they been pursued, may have prevented the tragic result at the Washington Navy Yard."

About the Author

Adam Mazmanian is executive editor of FCW.

Before joining the editing team, Mazmanian was an FCW staff writer covering Congress, government-wide technology policy, health IT and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Prior to joining FCW, Mr. Mazmanian was technology correspondent for National Journal and served in a variety of editorial at B2B news service SmartBrief. Mazmanian started his career as an arts reporter and critic, and has contributed reviews and articles to the Washington Post, the Washington City Paper, Newsday, Architect magazine, and other publications. He was an editorial assistant and staff writer at the now-defunct New York Press and arts editor at the About.com online network in the 1990s, and was a weekly contributor of music and film reviews to the Washington Times from 2007 to 2014.

Click here for previous articles by Mazmanian. Connect with him on Twitter at @thisismaz.


The Fed 100

Save the date for 28th annual Federal 100 Awards Gala.

Featured

  • computer network

    How Einstein changes the way government does business

    The Department of Commerce is revising its confidentiality agreement for statistical data survey respondents to reflect the fact that the Department of Homeland Security could see some of that data if it is captured by the Einstein system.

  • Defense Secretary Jim Mattis. Army photo by Monica King. Jan. 26, 2017.

    Mattis mulls consolidation in IT, cyber

    In a Feb. 17 memo, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis told senior leadership to establish teams to look for duplication across the armed services in business operations, including in IT and cybersecurity.

  • Image from Shutterstock.com

    DHS vague on rules for election aid, say states

    State election officials had more questions than answers after a Department of Homeland Security presentation on the designation of election systems as critical U.S. infrastructure.

  • Org Chart Stock Art - Shutterstock

    How the hiring freeze targets millennials

    The government desperately needs younger talent to replace an aging workforce, and experts say that a freeze on hiring doesn't help.

  • Shutterstock image: healthcare digital interface.

    VA moves ahead with homegrown scheduling IT

    The Department of Veterans Affairs will test an internally developed scheduling module at primary care sites nationwide to see if it's ready to service the entire agency.

  • Shutterstock images (honglouwawa & 0beron): Bitcoin image overlay replaced with a dollar sign on a hardware circuit.

    MGT Act poised for a comeback

    After missing in the last Congress, drafters of a bill to encourage cloud adoption are looking for a new plan.

Reader comments

Tue, Dec 16, 2014

Cheat on spouse = cheat on country? I do not think that could be considered a factual statement. Look at Presidents for one. The whole idea is based on feel good euphmisms like the above. Systemic problem is human behavior is unpredictable. No quick fix is going to change that.

Thu, Apr 3, 2014 R. Jacobson VA

Even more disturbing is the fact that social media will also be used to identify potential risk factors. Who is going to sit down and search for the individual(s) and who pays for it? High potential to mix up John/ Jane Jones in CA when looking for potential risk flags; incriminating photos or illegal/ dangerous activities.

Wed, Mar 19, 2014

Very interesting. Will this eliminate the need for the 5/10 re-evaluations for TS/S clearences? What criteria will be used for this collection of data? Traffic stops, speeding tickets, arrests, credit scores, late payments? How would you capture things like adultry? Afterall, a man or woman who would cheat on their spouse would certainly cheat on their country. How will this be paid for. Of course that may not be a problem as the Defense Secretary is planning on reducing Army military levels to below pre-WWII levels. That should free up some cash. How about managing this project? Add more people or just pile it on to some other over-worked set of administrators? I know of some administrators that are trying to deal 20 or more systems.

Please post your comments here. Comments are moderated, so they may not appear immediately after submitting. We will not post comments that we consider abusive or off-topic.

Please type the letters/numbers you see above

More from 1105 Public Sector Media Group