'History may be repeating itself' in cyberspace
- By Sean Lyngaas
- Jul 22, 2014
Ten years after issuing a damning report on the intelligence failures leading up to the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, the 9/11 Commission has warned of parallel U.S. vulnerabilities in cybersecurity.
"One lesson of the 9/11 story is that, as a nation, Americans did not awaken to the gravity of the terrorist threat until it was too late. History may be repeating itself in the cyber realm," said the July 22 report.
The commission, headed by former New Jersey Gov. Thomas Kean, a Republican, and former Indiana Rep. Lee Hamilton, a Democrat, reconvened to reflect on how U.S. security interests have shifted over the last decade.
Cyber threats have since multiplied with advances in IT, and a comprehensive assessment of the nation’s cyber-readiness was beyond the scope of the report. The document instead touched on the growing nexus between terrorism and cybersecurity, the American public's supposed lack of awareness of cyber threats, and the need for "comprehensive" legislation from Congress – a point on which the Obama administration has demurred. A senior White House official told FCW recently that addressing issues like data breaches and information sharing in separate legislation is more effective than Congress trying to pass a comprehensive bill.
The report called on Congress to pass legislation that encourages private firms and federal officials to share cyber-threat information while protecting those firms from liability for doing so. The Senate Intelligence Committee on July 8 approved a bill that would do just that.
Executive-branch agencies such as the Department of Homeland Security and the FBI would be wise to "complement, rather than replicate" the National Security Agency's technical capabilities in cyberspace, the report advised.
The 9/11 Commission's assessment also held up alleged Chinese economic espionage as an opportunity to boost slack public awareness or appreciation of cyber threats. If the Obama administration and Congress harp on job losses and other economic ills caused by intellectual property theft, the report said, Americans "will support the measures needed to counter the cyber threat."
Sean Lyngaas is an FCW staff writer covering defense, cybersecurity and intelligence issues. Follow him on Twitter: @snlyngaas.