Federal background checks could soon factor in social media

Shutterstock image: connecting individuals to one another through an access point.

The intelligence community has released a plan to include checks of public social media accounts as part of standard background investigations to qualify feds and contractors for access to classified information.

The policy was released to members of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee via email at about 11 p.m. the night before a scheduled May 13 hearing on progress in adding social media checks to the vetting process.

"The data gathered via social media will enhance our ability to determine initial or continued eligibility for access to classified national security information and eligibility for sensitive positions," said William Evanina, director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Members of Congress have sought the inclusion of social media as part of the vetting process since the Navy Yard shootings in 2013, perpetrated by a cleared contractor, and the leaks by former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden.

The Office of Personnel Management is planning a pilot project to see what kind of social media information is available on individuals seeking security clearances, and what kinds of companies and tools can be used to search for and analyze the information, according to acting Director Beth Cobert.

"This pilot is unique from other pilots in that it will assess the practical aspects of incorporating social media searches into the operational end-to-end process," Cobert said in written testimony. The test will examine the cost, quality, timeliness and exclusivity of the information.

Rep. Stephen Lynch (D-Mass.) said social media vetting will add $100 to $500 to the cost of a clearance investigation, a figure that was not disputed by witnesses.

The cost is not trivial. According to Cobert's testimony, the government conducts about 1 million investigations per year -- 600,000 national security investigations and 400,000 for suitability for federal employment. Social media probes, therefore, could add $100 million to $500 million to the cost of credentialing and clearing federal employees.

Federal CIO Tony Scott told the committee that the government wants to automate as much of that functionality as possible, especially considering the potential for misleading or extraneous information that comes from combing open social media platforms.

"I share my name with a professional baseball player, a professional musician and a movie director," Scott said. "A simple search would turn up a bunch of crazy stuff that wouldn't be relevant."

Under the policy, no clearance applicant will be asked for passwords or other information on his or her protected accounts. Additionally, the government will not demand online aliases or pseudonyms used to post information online, such as a Twitter handle that doesn't correspond to an applicant's name or an online identity used to post reviews or comments.

At the same time, Evanina said, the existence of online identities could be discovered in the course of investigations, and relevant information would be pursued.

However, he told lawmakers that reviewers will not intentionally collect information on those not subject to background investigations, and their privacy will be protected.

"Absent a national security concern or criminal reporting requirement, information pertaining to individuals other than the individual being investigated will not be investigated or pursued," Evanina said.

About the Author

Adam Mazmanian is executive editor of FCW.

Before joining the editing team, Mazmanian was an FCW staff writer covering Congress, government-wide technology policy and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Prior to joining FCW, Mazmanian was technology correspondent for National Journal and served in a variety of editorial roles at B2B news service SmartBrief. Mazmanian has contributed reviews and articles to the Washington Post, the Washington City Paper, Newsday, New York Press, Architect Magazine and other publications.

Click here for previous articles by Mazmanian. Connect with him on Twitter at @thisismaz.


  • Defense
    Ryan D. McCarthy being sworn in as Army Secretary Oct. 10, 2019. (Photo credit: Sgt. Dana Clarke/U.S. Army)

    Army wants to spend nearly $1B on cloud, data by 2025

    Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy said lack of funding or a potential delay in the JEDI cloud bid "strikes to the heart of our concern."

  • Congress
    Rep. Jim Langevin (D-R.I.) at the Hack the Capitol conference Sept. 20, 2018

    Jim Langevin's view from the Hill

    As chairman of of the Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committe and a member of the House Homeland Security Committee, Rhode Island Democrat Jim Langevin is one of the most influential voices on cybersecurity in Congress.

Stay Connected


Sign up for our newsletter.

I agree to this site's Privacy Policy.