Defense

Mattis mulls consolidation in IT, cyber

Defense Secretary Jim Mattis. Army photo by Monica King. Jan. 26, 2017. 

Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is looking to extract savings from common business functions across the armed services.

In the 2016 defense bill, Congress told the Department of Defense to split up its office of Acquisition, Technology and Logistics. Now, the secretary of defense is tasking his deputy with moving forward on that and other DOD restructuring.

The 2017 National Defense Authorization Act mandated the split of the Pentagon's AT&L office into two separate entities: an office of Research and Engineering and an Office of Acquisition and Sustainment, each headed by an undersecretary of defense.

Secretary Jim Mattis issued a memo on Feb. 17 tasking acting deputy secretary Robert Work with leading a review of Pentagon business practices – particularly those that do not merit individual military department approaches -- to improve efficiency and come into compliance with the 2017 NDAA.

"We have sometimes allowed our focus on service uniqueness to extend into business operations, leading to duplication of effort and costs we can no longer afford," wrote Mattis. "To achieve greater departmental efficiency in savings, we must now pursue cross enterprise consolidation of business activities."

Mattis cited work done by the deputy secretary, deputy chief management officer and the CIO staffs in 2014-2015 as "a good place to start" in looking for savings through consolidating business operations.

Mattis directed Work to explore potential efficiencies across a long list of Pentagon business functions including: human resource management; financial management; acquisition and contract management; logistics and supply chain management; cyber and information technology management.

"As the teams consider horizontal consolidations they should keep a clear sight picture on maintaining or improving overall mission performance outcomes," Mattis wrote.

The memo was released publicly the same day the Center for a New American Security put out a report titled: "Seizing the Initiative: Turning AT&L Reorganization into Technical Advantage."

The authors of the report argued that rather than simply meeting the terms of the NDAA, the DOD should use the reorganization as an opportunity to drive change in innovation and acquisition systems that are not keeping pace with technological change today.

The CNAS report offered three possible approaches that Mattis could take in driving the congressionally mandated reforms. They argued that Mattis could approach the AT&L split through a "military-technical innovation problem," "strategic misalignment problem" or "business management problem" framework.

Depending on the framework Mattis chooses, that would set in motion different approaches to restructuring the DOD.

CNAS's Ben Fitzgerald, one of the authors of the report, told FCW that he sees the memo as "Mattis endorsing Title IX of the NDAA and communicating his intent to take action in alignment with Congress. This is wise and exactly what we recommended in the report."

But, Fitzgerald said that he doesn't yet see that Mattis is choosing a particular framework and right now is just asking for a review and options.

"Regardless, I'm encouraged by the memo. I think that Mattis and Congress have common intent and a rare opportunity to push for meaningful change," said FitzGerald.

About the Author

Sean Carberry is an FCW staff writer covering defense, cybersecurity and intelligence. Prior to joining FCW, he was Kabul Correspondent for NPR, and also served as an international producer for NPR covering the war in Libya and the Arab Spring. He has reported from more than two-dozen countries including Iraq, Yemen, DRC, and South Sudan. In addition to numerous public radio programs, he has reported for Reuters, PBS NewsHour, The Diplomat, and The Atlantic.

Carberry earned a Master of Public Administration from the Harvard Kennedy School, and has a B.A. in Urban Studies from Lehigh University.


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Reader comments

Tue, Mar 7, 2017 John weiler Alexandria, VA

DoD's efforts at IT consolidation have struggled for 20 years due vested interests who profit from these legacy processes and IT systems. When looking at the billions going into maintain archaic, industrial age processes (JCIDS, DOD5000, DODAF, TRL, etc), and 10s of billions spent maintaining legacy IT systems, you can see who profits from failure. General Hoss Cartwright and Vivek Kundra say the evidence and called out these DIB contractors an "IT Cartel". Gen Mattis and the DMCO will need alternative thinking, expertise and emerging standards of practice emanating from the $4T Global IT market of which DOD is only 1%, and the worst performing section. As Einstein would note; you can't solve today's problems with the same thinking that got you there", and defined insanity as continuing that same process.

Thu, Feb 23, 2017 Gene Jarboe Maryland

As a Computer Security Analyst retired DOD, the DOD should combine all IT & CyberSecurity under one command. The real reason is for secure interoperability between all heterogeneous IT systems in all DOD services.
If one service acquires a homogeneous systems that intercommunicate & have secure interoperability, those systems will have major problems enforceing security policies on a distributed heterogeneous networks. Gene Jarboe Promia.com

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