Telecommunications

Twin shared-spectrum efforts close in on milestones

wireless spectrum (Creations/Shutterstock.com) 

The Defense Department's research arm is in the final stretch of a key competition that agency officials think could be crucial to their wireless spectrum holdings, as another federally backed spectrum-sharing effort is commercialized.

On Sept. 10, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency announced10 teams that will participate in the final leg of its software-defined radio competition next month.

The competition set for Oct. 23 at the Mobile World Congress in Los Angeles, where participants will show how their software-defined radio solutions can allow federal and commercial users to share the same scarce radio bandwidth.

The event marks the end of a three-year-long competition by DARPA to foster development of collaborative machine learning to overcome the increasingly cramped radio frequency spectrum. Although the first place winner will get a $2 million prize, federal agencies will be watching for efficient, effective technologies that could help them with their spectrum management struggles.

The final competition will shortly follow a spectrum-sharing project landmark.

In the coming days, another milestone spectrum-sharing program is set for commercialization. The initial commercial deployments of the Citizens Broadband Radio Service will begin in mid-September after collaboration between a three-year-old commercial alliance and federal spectrum holders. An exact date for the first offerings hasn't been set, but the CBRS Alliance is holding an event Sept. 18 for its members and federal spectrum officials to commemorate the first CBRS commercial service offerings.

Launched in 2015 under rules adopted by the Federal Communications Commission, CBRS is a program developed between federal users and commercial companies that shares spectrum in the 3.5 GHz band between incumbent Navy radar systems and commercial users.

Spectrum's future, Commerce Department's Deputy Secretary Karen Dunn Kelley said in a Sept. 10 speech at the National Telecommunications and Information Administration's spectrum symposium, depends on developing an overarching framework for spectrum. That framework, she said, should include dynamic spectrum sharing among commercial and federal spectrum users.

Sharing spectrum, she said, "requires us to think beyond the traditional model of 'one allocation, for one license, for one use.'"

The Pentagon is developing dynamic spectrum access frameworks it plans to share with NTIA,  Col. Frederick Williams, director spectrum policy and programs in the Defense Department CIO's office, said at the same event.

Williams said DARPA's spectrum challenges for software-defined radio networks "pushes the envelope" on use of spectrum in congested space.

DARPA's group of 10 finalists headed to Los Angeles next month, include academic, independent contractor and commercial industry teams.

According to the agency, the teams use a variety of AI techniques and technology, including "rule-based" approaches and pattern recognition powered by machine learning to prevent radio traffic in the shared bandwidth from interfering with each other. Some teams leverage both, it said.

About the Author

Mark Rockwell is a senior staff writer at FCW, whose beat focuses on acquisition, the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Energy.

Before joining FCW, Rockwell was Washington correspondent for Government Security News, where he covered all aspects of homeland security from IT to detection dogs and border security. Over the last 25 years in Washington as a reporter, editor and correspondent, he has covered an increasingly wide array of high-tech issues for publications like Communications Week, Internet Week, Fiber Optics News, tele.com magazine and Wireless Week.

Rockwell received a Jesse H. Neal Award for his work covering telecommunications issues, and is a graduate of James Madison University.

Click here for previous articles by Rockwell. Contact him at mrockwell@fcw.com or follow him on Twitter at @MRockwell4.


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