California lawmakers soften RFID stance

A California bill that would have prohibited state, county and municipal governments from issuing identification documents embedded with radio frequency identification tags has been amended to allow such technology, but only under specific requirements.

The Identity Information Protection Act of 2005 (S.B. 682), which passed the Senate and is awaiting action in the Assembly, originally prohibited use of RFID technology in driver’s licenses or identification cards, ID cards issued to kindergarten through grade 12, public library cards, and health insurance and benefit cards issued in conjunction with any government-supported aid program.

Following a June 28 public hearing by the Assembly’s Judiciary Committee, the bill was amended establishing only a three-year prohibition – beginning Jan. 1, 2006, – on using RFID in those government-issued ID cards, according to a legislative aide. The aide said the change was approved because officials realized that technology and countermeasures will change over that period of time.

Another amendment would allow use of RFID technology in identification cards issued to University of California, California State University and community college students as long as they adhered to stricter privacy and security standards. Previously, such student ID cards would not have been permitted.

In the last several weeks, the bill has been amended twice allowing RFID usage in some cases under those stricter standards. Originally, the bill banned use of the technology in all government-issued ID documents and only allowed several exceptions. State Sen. Joe Simitian, who introduced the bill Feb. 22, said previously RFID itself is not the issue.

“This is all about protecting people’s right to privacy, personal safety and financial security,” he said. “This measure will guard families and individuals from having their most private information broadcast to anyone who is able to collect it.”

The new amendments allow RFID usage if it contains a unique personal identifier and not personal information, such as an individual’s name, address, telephone number, date of birth, Social Security Number or biometric identifier, among others. The amended bill also calls for “strong encryption” to protect against any type of unauthorized reading of the information on identification documents.

Additionally, the ID document would use mutual authentication – in which, for example, the smart card would only transmit data to authorized scanning devices or readers – based on minimum standards contained in the International Organization for Standardization document known as the Common Criteria ISO 1 or its equivalent.

Certain privacy safeguards have also been spelled out in the amended bill. For example, it requires an access control protocol, meaning the ID holder must specifically authorize reading of his or her card or document before data is accessed by a reader. Another safeguard is a shield device to protect the document from unauthorized transmissions. A third measure outlined in the bill is using technology that can be temporarily switched on or otherwise intentionally activated so data can be remotely readable.

According to the bill, governments or agencies that do issue ID documents with RFID tags will let the card holder know about the technology, new countermeasures, the location of readers that the issuing entity will use or intend to use, information being collected and stored and any other updates.

However, if a state, county or municipal agency has issued ID documents as part of a contactless integrated system before Jan. 1, 2006, then it would not be subject to the enhanced security and privacy features under certain circumstances.

The bill allows exceptions for RFID used to collect tolls on roads and bridges, identify people incarcerated in state prisons, county jails, juvenile facilities and mental health facilities, identify individuals in government-operated hospitals and other health care facilities and authenticate people gaining access to secure public buildings.

Several industry officials have said they opposed the bill because it would not ensure privacy and security. At least one industry official has said the data transmitted can be encrypted and secure.

NEXT STORY: Army orders more JNN nodes

X
This website uses cookies to enhance user experience and to analyze performance and traffic on our website. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Learn More / Do Not Sell My Personal Information
Accept Cookies
X
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Do Not Sell My Personal Information

When you visit our website, we store cookies on your browser to collect information. The information collected might relate to you, your preferences or your device, and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to and to provide a more personalized web experience. However, you can choose not to allow certain types of cookies, which may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings according to your preference. You cannot opt-out of our First Party Strictly Necessary Cookies as they are deployed in order to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting the cookie banner and remembering your settings, to log into your account, to redirect you when you log out, etc.). For more information about the First and Third Party Cookies used please follow this link.

Allow All Cookies

Manage Consent Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies - Always Active

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data, Targeting & Social Media Cookies

Under the California Consumer Privacy Act, you have the right to opt-out of the sale of your personal information to third parties. These cookies collect information for analytics and to personalize your experience with targeted ads. You may exercise your right to opt out of the sale of personal information by using this toggle switch. If you opt out we will not be able to offer you personalised ads and will not hand over your personal information to any third parties. Additionally, you may contact our legal department for further clarification about your rights as a California consumer by using this Exercise My Rights link

If you have enabled privacy controls on your browser (such as a plugin), we have to take that as a valid request to opt-out. Therefore we would not be able to track your activity through the web. This may affect our ability to personalize ads according to your preferences.

Targeting cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant adverts on other sites. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising.

Social media cookies are set by a range of social media services that we have added to the site to enable you to share our content with your friends and networks. They are capable of tracking your browser across other sites and building up a profile of your interests. This may impact the content and messages you see on other websites you visit. If you do not allow these cookies you may not be able to use or see these sharing tools.

If you want to opt out of all of our lead reports and lists, please submit a privacy request at our Do Not Sell page.

Save Settings
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Cookie List

A cookie is a small piece of data (text file) that a website – when visited by a user – asks your browser to store on your device in order to remember information about you, such as your language preference or login information. Those cookies are set by us and called first-party cookies. We also use third-party cookies – which are cookies from a domain different than the domain of the website you are visiting – for our advertising and marketing efforts. More specifically, we use cookies and other tracking technologies for the following purposes:

Strictly Necessary Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Functional Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Performance Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Social Media Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Targeting Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.