Cross-agency centers would standardize agency security processes.
The Office of Management and Budget is circulating a draft business case that would consolidate four areas of information technology security services across the federal government.
The result of a joint OMB and Homeland Security Department lines of business task force assembled in March, the business case suggests that agencies, starting in fiscal 2007, should migrate four of their security functions to cross-agency service centers. Consolidating security tasks common to most agencies would prevent wasteful duplication of efforts and establish uniform standards to evaluate security performance, proponents say.
The four functions targeted for consolidation are security training, Federal Information Security Management Act reporting, situational awareness and incident response, and agency selection of security products and life cycle management. Excluded from the business case proposal is IT security program management, a function that was included in the cybersecurity line of business request for information, which the task force issued earlier this year.
"It is not the intention that the centers of excellence are going to take over the operation of agency security operations," said George Bonina, chief information security officer at the Environmental Protection Agency.
"The intent is not one-size-fits-all," he added, speaking at an ArchitecturePlus seminar in July.
Agencies that are candidates to get service center status will not be able to provide all four functions, Bonina said. Each area of security management should have three service centers, which would be federal agencies "in partnership with the private sector," he said.
Each of the four areas would require different start dates for agency migration, which would be phased in, Bonina said.
For example, starting in fiscal 2008, agencies would begin using some situation awareness and incident response products such as forensics software. In the next fiscal year, agencies would begin using cross-agency vulnerability and configuration management services.
Under no circumstances should an agency's migration to a line of business entirely supplant in-house security operations, said Paul Proctor, vice president of Gartner's risk and privacy practice.
"Organizations are different, they have different types of threats," and successfully responding to cyberthreats requires specialized knowledge of the agency's IT architecture, he said.
"We need to make sure that people don't think, 'I can just pay somebody else to go do this for me,' " Proctor said.
It's likely that service centers will focus on different portions of the government, Bonina said. The intelligence community, with its heightened need for security, for example, would have its own service centers. The Defense Department would do the same, he added.
But in standardizing agency methodology for selecting security software, the task force proposal may be breaking down a divide that so far has existed only between national security and civilian agencies, said security expert Lynn McNulty, director of government affairs at the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium.
The Computer Security Act of 1987 allows civilian agencies to purchase commercial software that hasn't gone through an extensive government evaluation process. The result is that civilian agencies often are able to purchase the most recent solutions available, and it's an advantage worth preserving, he said.
McNulty said he was surprised that identity management is not one of the areas slated for consolidation. With all the ongoing identity initiatives, including an executive order requiring federal workers and contractors to have secure identity cards, McNulty said, there should be savings through consolidation.
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