Navy turns toward Sun

Spawar eyes replacing HP Unix servers with fewer, larger Solaris systems

If Rear Adm. John Gauss has his way, aircraft carriers will operate with six servers instead of 27. To get there, he wants to switch vendors for the Unix software systems used for command and control operations aboard Navy ships.

Gauss, who in less than two months will turn over command of the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command, wants to rid Navy ships of Hewlett-Packard Co. servers and workstations running the HP-UX operating system for command and control applications. In their place would be Sun Microsystems Inc. midrange servers with thin clients and PCs.

"We want to shift away from [relying on a] heavy client to a Web-centric" architecture, Gauss said. "We'll have fewer servers running more applications."

Technicians aboard USS Coronado, the Navy's technology test bed, are testing two Sun Netra T1 servers running the Sun Solaris 8 operating system, said Lt. Cmdr. Sandy Fenton, the sea-based battle lab coordinator aboard the Coronado.

They're also testing two IBM Netfinity servers running Microsoft Corp.'s Windows NT Server 4.0 and a Global Command and Control System-Maritime (GCCS-M) server running on the Defense Department's Secret Internet Protocol Router Network, she said.

The network also features a Sun Netra redundant array of independent disks for storage, as well as 54 flat-panel Sun Ray 1 monitors, Fenton said. The Sun Ray appliances are equipped with PC Card readers and, like thin clients, do not store any memory or applications locally.

The Navy already runs Sun software aboard ships to perform joint forces flight planning and several other programs, while the service uses HP-UX on workstations and servers to run GCCS-M. With the Theater Battle Management Core System set to be fielded, Gauss decided to take action. "We're really complicating [sailors'] lives by having them learn these different commercial systems."

The Navy will still use HP-UX in embedded weapons systems, which Spawar doesn't manage, Gauss said. Spawar, which sets the Navy's Information Technology for the 21st Century (IT-21) architecture program for ships, will begin replacing HP-UX with Solaris in late 2002 for command and control systems, he said. Gauss said that his successor at Spawar, Rear Adm. Kenneth Slaght, "absolutely" supports the idea of replacing HP-UX with Solaris.

Relying on fewer, larger servers will pose problems for the Navy, said Ron Ray, an HP Navy account manager.

"What if one of the two main servers fails?" he said.

In addition, he said, "it's harder to maintain a mainframe-class machine" like the Sun midrange servers.

The Sun servers the Navy is evaluating are redundant to protect against a single server failure bringing down the network, said Lt. Cmdr. Greg Geisen, a Spawar spokesman.

John Leahy III, Sun Federal's chief of staff, declined to comment on the Navy's plans.

As part of its Navy Marine Corps Intranet contract, Electronic Data Systems Corp. selected Sun as its Unix vendor for network operations center servers. But Gauss said that was not a factor in his decision to switch from HP systems. "We started down this path before NMCI."

But some experts, including H. Lee Buchanan, former assistant secretary of the Navy for research, development and acquisition, have said that they want IT-21 to mirror the products used in NMCI.

In addition to Sun thin clients, which do not run floppy disks, the Navy will continue to use PCs to run Microsoft Excel, Word and other applications on its networks, Gauss said. "PCs are going to have a place" on the network, he said.

"I'm going to push it as far as I can" until May 31, when he begins his retirement, Gauss said of the Sun-migration effort, known as the horizontal integration plan. The program is funded through existing program budgets, and Gauss couldn't provide a dollar figure for the plan.

"I think, over time, we need to migrate to one Unix flavor," Gauss said.

REPORT CARD

Sun Microsystems Inc.'s Solaris 8 Unix operating system includes Cluster

2.2 software, which enables users to set up a clustered file system with

redundant hardware. The cluster feature also gives servers built-in load

balancing and scalable data services, according to information on Sun's

Web site.

Solaris 8 also includes a bandwidth manager to control IP traffic, a

feature designed to help system administrators ensure that the network doesn't

get overloaded. The operating system also features role-based access controls

for better security.

The Solaris PC NetLink software allows administrators to run native

Microsoft Corp. Windows NT features—such as user authentication, file

and print services, and directory integration—on a Solaris network.

X
This website uses cookies to enhance user experience and to analyze performance and traffic on our website. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Learn More / Do Not Sell My Personal Information
Accept Cookies
X
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Do Not Sell My Personal Information

When you visit our website, we store cookies on your browser to collect information. The information collected might relate to you, your preferences or your device, and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to and to provide a more personalized web experience. However, you can choose not to allow certain types of cookies, which may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings according to your preference. You cannot opt-out of our First Party Strictly Necessary Cookies as they are deployed in order to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting the cookie banner and remembering your settings, to log into your account, to redirect you when you log out, etc.). For more information about the First and Third Party Cookies used please follow this link.

Allow All Cookies

Manage Consent Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies - Always Active

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data, Targeting & Social Media Cookies

Under the California Consumer Privacy Act, you have the right to opt-out of the sale of your personal information to third parties. These cookies collect information for analytics and to personalize your experience with targeted ads. You may exercise your right to opt out of the sale of personal information by using this toggle switch. If you opt out we will not be able to offer you personalised ads and will not hand over your personal information to any third parties. Additionally, you may contact our legal department for further clarification about your rights as a California consumer by using this Exercise My Rights link

If you have enabled privacy controls on your browser (such as a plugin), we have to take that as a valid request to opt-out. Therefore we would not be able to track your activity through the web. This may affect our ability to personalize ads according to your preferences.

Targeting cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant adverts on other sites. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising.

Social media cookies are set by a range of social media services that we have added to the site to enable you to share our content with your friends and networks. They are capable of tracking your browser across other sites and building up a profile of your interests. This may impact the content and messages you see on other websites you visit. If you do not allow these cookies you may not be able to use or see these sharing tools.

If you want to opt out of all of our lead reports and lists, please submit a privacy request at our Do Not Sell page.

Save Settings
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Cookie List

A cookie is a small piece of data (text file) that a website – when visited by a user – asks your browser to store on your device in order to remember information about you, such as your language preference or login information. Those cookies are set by us and called first-party cookies. We also use third-party cookies – which are cookies from a domain different than the domain of the website you are visiting – for our advertising and marketing efforts. More specifically, we use cookies and other tracking technologies for the following purposes:

Strictly Necessary Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Functional Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Performance Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Social Media Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Targeting Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.