States make case for Real ID help

Several CIOs request more grant funding from DHS to pay for federal mandate.

State chief information officers are caught in a tough spot as they prepare to issue driver’s licenses that conform to federal standards. State CIOs say they must search for ways to sell the Real ID program to their legislatures, while they ask for federal grants to pay for that work and other homeland security programs.

“Money is going to be tight going forward due to so many other competing interests,” including health care, said Scott Pattinson, executive director of the National Association of State Budget Officers, speaking at the National Association of State CIOs conference last week in Chantilly, Va., outside Washington.

The Real ID program, which requires states to produce standardized driver’s licenses, could cost states $12 billion to $14 billion in the next 10 years. Congress has not provided additional funding to states to push the program forward, leaving CIOs and others to rely on federal grants.

However, those grants are in danger of drying up, state officials say.
The Bush administration cut the State Homeland Security Program that provides funds for state information technology efforts from $525 million to $250 million. Funding is also limited because the Homeland Security Department will not let states use more than 20 percent of their DHS grant money for the Real ID program.

Governors from Arizona and Minnesota asked the House Budget Committee in late March for $1 billion to implement Real ID in 2007. “Real ID is the daddy of unfunded mandates,” said Ray Scheppach, executive director of the National Governors Association.

Some states went a step further. Arkansas, Idaho, Maine, Montana and Washington voted to reject the Real ID program.

David Temoshok, the General Services Administration’s director of identity policy and management, told state CIOs that federal agencies went through similar funding problems with Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12. Agencies solved them by using appropriated funds and other resources.

“The only way we [implemented HSPD-12] in the federal government was by creating a presidential mandate that says, ‘This is what you’re going to do, these are your policies,’” Temoshok said.

State leaders, however, have not wanted to implement Real ID in the same way that federal agencies have accepted HSPD-12.

“The key is the buy-in of each one of these agencies and departments,” said Bernard Soriano, deputy director and CIO of California’s Department of Motor Vehicles. “We have to really watch if we get in front of our administration and implement something that our own state hasn’t even agreed to.”

Industry representatives agreed with Temoshok’s assertion that the success of the new driver’s licenses will depend less on Real ID’s back-end infrastructure than on how easy the system is to use.

“They have to really want to use the system, they have to like the system, they have to trust it,” said Kim Cameron, architect for identity and access at Microsoft.

Temoshok cited GSA’s experience as a starting point for implementing Real ID. “States can come in, see how we do it,” he said. “They can see what we did and do the same things, use the same GSA-approved contractors and ask us for any help or guidance they need.”


Some real facts about Real IDThe Real ID program requires states to produce driver’s licenses that meet a new federal standard. It will also:
  • Cost states as much as $14 billion in 10 years.
  • Require states to fund the program using their existing information technology budgets.
  • Be supported by some funding from the State Homeland Security Program, which provides IT grant money. However, the Bush administration cut fiscal 2007 grant funding from $525 million to $250 million. Administration officials have cut the homeland security grants in years past, but each time Congress has restored the funding.
  • Have to overcome resistance from the states. Five states have passed laws rejecting Real ID implementation: Arkansas, Idaho, Maine, Montana and Washington. Other states have discussed similar legislation.
  • Require expensive training of citizens and others seeking driver’s licenses.
  • Meet resistance from civil liberties and consumer organizations that have began a national campaign against Real ID.
— Wade-Hahn Chan
X
This website uses cookies to enhance user experience and to analyze performance and traffic on our website. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Learn More / Do Not Sell My Personal Information
Accept Cookies
X
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Do Not Sell My Personal Information

When you visit our website, we store cookies on your browser to collect information. The information collected might relate to you, your preferences or your device, and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to and to provide a more personalized web experience. However, you can choose not to allow certain types of cookies, which may impact your experience of the site and the services we are able to offer. Click on the different category headings to find out more and change our default settings according to your preference. You cannot opt-out of our First Party Strictly Necessary Cookies as they are deployed in order to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting the cookie banner and remembering your settings, to log into your account, to redirect you when you log out, etc.). For more information about the First and Third Party Cookies used please follow this link.

Allow All Cookies

Manage Consent Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies - Always Active

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data, Targeting & Social Media Cookies

Under the California Consumer Privacy Act, you have the right to opt-out of the sale of your personal information to third parties. These cookies collect information for analytics and to personalize your experience with targeted ads. You may exercise your right to opt out of the sale of personal information by using this toggle switch. If you opt out we will not be able to offer you personalised ads and will not hand over your personal information to any third parties. Additionally, you may contact our legal department for further clarification about your rights as a California consumer by using this Exercise My Rights link

If you have enabled privacy controls on your browser (such as a plugin), we have to take that as a valid request to opt-out. Therefore we would not be able to track your activity through the web. This may affect our ability to personalize ads according to your preferences.

Targeting cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant adverts on other sites. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising.

Social media cookies are set by a range of social media services that we have added to the site to enable you to share our content with your friends and networks. They are capable of tracking your browser across other sites and building up a profile of your interests. This may impact the content and messages you see on other websites you visit. If you do not allow these cookies you may not be able to use or see these sharing tools.

If you want to opt out of all of our lead reports and lists, please submit a privacy request at our Do Not Sell page.

Save Settings
Cookie Preferences Cookie List

Cookie List

A cookie is a small piece of data (text file) that a website – when visited by a user – asks your browser to store on your device in order to remember information about you, such as your language preference or login information. Those cookies are set by us and called first-party cookies. We also use third-party cookies – which are cookies from a domain different than the domain of the website you are visiting – for our advertising and marketing efforts. More specifically, we use cookies and other tracking technologies for the following purposes:

Strictly Necessary Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Functional Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Performance Cookies

We do not allow you to opt-out of our certain cookies, as they are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website (such as prompting our cookie banner and remembering your privacy choices) and/or to monitor site performance. These cookies are not used in a way that constitutes a “sale” of your data under the CCPA. You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not work as intended if you do so. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. Visit www.allaboutcookies.org to learn more.

Sale of Personal Data

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Social Media Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.

Targeting Cookies

We also use cookies to personalize your experience on our websites, including by determining the most relevant content and advertisements to show you, and to monitor site traffic and performance, so that we may improve our websites and your experience. You may opt out of our use of such cookies (and the associated “sale” of your Personal Information) by using this toggle switch. You will still see some advertising, regardless of your selection. Because we do not track you across different devices, browsers and GEMG properties, your selection will take effect only on this browser, this device and this website.